Main Ingredients To Reverse Aging

We all want to look our best, especially in the summer time. But how do we fight all those terrible signs of aging? Well, in reality is not that difficult. And it's not that expensive either. All you have to do is look for the right ingredients which can be found in common and inexpensive skincare products (retinoids, AHA's, vitamins and etc).



Main Ingredients To Reverse Aging






There are several thousand published studies on the skin-saving effects of retinol or vitamin A derivatives. The overwhelming consensus: Retinoids increase collagen production (plumping your skin), speed up cell turnover (smoothing your complexion) and unclog pores (reducing breakouts).   What to look for on the label: If it's a prescription: tretinoin (brand names Atralin, Avita, Retin-A, Retin-A Micro, Renova), tazarotene (Avage, Tazorac) and adapalene (Differin). If it's over-the-counter: retinol, which minimizes lines and discoloration more slowly than its prescription counterparts (12 weeks, not six, before you see improvements). 




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For best results: Allow your skin to become accustomed to a retinoid, which can cause redness, flaking, and peeling. Start by applying it every third night (because it's sensitive to sunlight, don't apply in the morning). After two weeks, apply every other night. If you're not dry or flaky after another two weeks, use it every night. Wait 15 minutes after washing your face before applying (if skin is damp, the retinoid could be absorbed too quickly and cause irritation). Never use more than a pea-size dab for your whole face; if your skin is dry, you can apply a moisturizer on top.  Don't layer a retinoid with benzoyl peroxide or alpha hydroxy acids because they will deactivate it. 



Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) or Furit Acids:



Fruit acids, often derived from fruit or milk sugars, dissolve the "glue" between the complexion-dulling dead skin cells that accumulate with age, allowing them to be sloughed off, revealing fresh skin. Discoloration is minimized, skin feels smoother, and pores can look smaller. Overall, skin is more luminous.   What to look for on the label?  Look for for glycolic acid, mandelic acid and lactic acid. Glycolic is the most commonly used because it yields good results with little irritation.   For best results, add an AHA lotion or cream to your daily skincare regimen, or do an at-home AHA peel once a week (or more, if your skin isn't too sensitive). Many dermatologists recommend using an AHA lotion in the morning so your nighttime treatment (whether a retinoid, basic moisturizer, or both) can penetrate more effectively. Both retinoids and AHAs exfoliate the skin, so ease into a regimen that includes the two to avoid redness and peeling. AHAs are great to use on your neck (where the skin is generally too thin to tolerate a retinoid), and can smooth irritation like keratosis pilaris (those little bumps you might have on the backs of your arms) as well as ashy elbows and knees.  




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Hyaluronic Acid:



This synthetic version of the skin-plumping, joint-lubricating substance produced naturally in our bodies—actually a sugar—the hyaluronic acid in skincare products is a terrifically effective humectant.  Hyaluronic acid not only makes parched skin feel better but also temporarily plumps it, and is light enough to blend seamlessly with makeup. Look for hyaluronic acid, hyaluronan and sodium hyaluronate on labels.  For best results, use liberally wherever your skin is dry and needs hydrating. Hyaluronic acid isn't irritating and won't interact negatively with, or compromise the effectiveness of, other skincare ingredients you might be using.   But to smooth very dry skin, you'll need more than hyaluronic acid alone. Start by applying a hyaluronic acid serum or light lotion on clean skin, then top it with a rich moisturizer in a lotion or a cream that contains ceramides (moisture-retaining lipids).



 Hyaluronic Acid Moisturizer




Antioxidants and Vitamins:



Antioxidants disable free radicals, the molecules generated by sun, pollution and other sources, which damage the DNA of healthy skin cells, leading to wrinkles, discoloration and possibly cancer. What to look for on the label? Look for vitamin C, idebenone, green tea, vitamin E, ferulic acid, phloretin and coenzyme Q10. Vitamin C is a favorite among doctors because it has been shown to not only fight free radicals but also encourage collagen production. Choose a vitamin C product that contains L-ascorbic acid, one of the more stable forms. It needs to be at a relatively low pH; though you won't see pH on the label, you'll know the level is about right if your skin tingles for a minute after you apply the product.  Also,  antioxidants (vitamin C in particular) are notoriously susceptible to air and light. To be effective, they must be packaged in an airtight, opaque pump or tube. 


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Каштан Фарма