Retinol in UK Skincare

Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A, which is naturally found in skin. Vitamin A’s wrinkle-fighting prowess was first discovered in the early Seventies, when doctors found that acne patients who were being successfully treated with prescription Vitamin A (known as tretinoin) were soon experiencing newly soft, less pigmented, line-free skin. The advantage of vitamin A is that it works fundamentally on cells’ DNA, helping them to function in a healthy way while repairing damage from ageing. But other side effects weren’t quite so welcome: namely peeling, itching and irritation. And so retinol, which is a less potent ingredient than tretinoin, was born. Since its discovery, it’s been the gold standard; the anti-ageing ingredient to live up to.




retinoic acid





Retinoic acid is the active form of retinol. However, the actual retinoic acid creams are only available from a doctor or dermatologist. It’s prescribed for serious skin conditions like acne but is also used as a potent treatment for skin ageing.





But at some point during the advance of supposedly more skin-friendly ingredients such as peptides, glycolic acid and hyaluronic acid, retinol got left behind. And with enough products on the shelves to paralyse even the most decisive of us, confusion still reigns when it comes to the retinol and retinoids. Many people assume it involves a visit to a dermatologist and with so many other anti-ageing options, who can be bothered? Tretinoin is indeed prescription-only but retinol is available in many over-the-counter products. Studies confirm it achieves the same results as tretinoin; it just takes longer to get there because first it’s converted into retinoic acid (the active ingredient in prescriptions) within the skin. The advantage is that this gradual conversion causes less irritation.







retinol in skincare







The latest technological advances mean retinol that plays nicely with your skin is now available, which is big news for everyone, but especially for the estimated 60% of us at the sensitive end of the skin spectrum. Ironically, sensitive skin is often thin skin, more prone to wrinkling, so it benefits most from the plumping, collagen-building powers of retinol.








Retinol 5% Cream

retinol 5 uk






A certain percentage of the population are very sensitive to retinol. It can cause cells to peel off and skin to appear dry, red and flaky. However you’re more likely to get a reaction from using prescription retinoic acid than an over-the-counter product. The latter don’t have much retinol in them because if they did, more customers would get reactions and stop buying them. Some people are sensitive even to low levels of retinol but in reality, people can be allergic to anything, and it probably gets blamed more for reactions to beauty creams more than it deserves.




You need to remember that retinol in most creams leaves your skin more sensitive to sunlight, so you have to protect it more. Because the turnover of skin cells is higher, the cells at the surface are younger and more vulnerable to sun damage – even if you haven’t actually suffered an adverse reaction to the retinol. If you are using retinol products you should always wear a daily sunscreen. There would be no point getting the anti-ageing benefits of a retinol cream, only to have them undone by sun damage. I don’t think it matters whether you use a physical or chemical sun formula as long as it doesn’t irritate your skin. You have to get into the habit of applying it regularly. Go for minimum SPF 25 as a daily protector in the UK, even if it’s not sunny. It is advisable toe to use retinol products at night as you then don’t need to apply a sunscreen over the top of it, and it can work optimally on the skin. By day, wear an antioxidant moisturising cream (with vitamin C, for instance) plus a separate SPF25 on top.




If you have sensitive skin but still want the benefits of retinol, it is suggested to build up retinol use slowly to help skin to adapt. Use a retinol cream every third night for a week, then alternate nights for a week before going for nightly use. Look out for burning, stinging and skin peeling and don’t carry on if these persist more than a day or two.







Каштан Фарма